If you have been following along with me for a while, you know I like to keep things very simple when it comes to sourdough. However, I know there are some that really enjoy the technical side of sourdough and the weighing of ingredients, therefore, I want to share my “technical” loaf of sourdough recipe. This basic sourdough artisan boule is more hands on and serves as a good way to learn the feel of a good dough. This loaf can be placed in the fridge once it is shaped and baked off the next day making it a very versatile recipe.
In order for this bread to rise, you will need an active/fed sourdough starter. This means your starter should have been fed within the last 4-12 hours and be very bubbly and active. I like to feed my starter 1-2 times a week and after it becomes active, I store it in the fridge.
There is something magical about mixing flour, water, salt, and starter and seeing it become a beautiful loaf of bread! The process of making sourdough bread is one of my favorite activities.
To be honest with you, I have spent a lot of time simplifying the process over the years, but, sometimes I want to do the full out hands on process. Even though it is more involved, it takes me back to when I first started my sourdough journey.
Now for this recipe you will need a food scale. These are super inexpensive and are so useful in the kitchen!
To start the process you will need to add the flour and water to a large mixing bowl and mix well. Cover and let sit for 30 minutes. This is called the Autolyse. The purpose of this resting time is to allow the flour to completely absorb the water.
You will notice the difference in the texture of the dough in that 30 minute resting period.
After this resting period, it’s time to add the starter and salt. I put the mixing bowl back on the scale and zero it out. Add the starter and sprinkle on the salt. I just use my clean hands to mix the starter and salt into the dough. It will take a couple of minutes to fully incorporate. You will know it is mixed well when the dough gets more sticky.
Once you have it all incorporated, cover and let rest for 15 minutes.
After that 15 minutes, we will start a series of stretching and folding. This process builds gluten and structure in the dough.
We will do this every 15 minutes for the first hour and then every 30 minutes the next hour for a total of 6 series. Don’t sweat it if you miss one. I do all the time. But, just try to make it a point to visit the dough every little bit for the first 2 hours to perform the stretching and folding.
To perform a stretch and fold, you will take a piece of the dough and lift it up and over the rest of the dough. Continue to do this until you have worked around the entire bowl.
Once you are finished with stretching and folding, the dough is ready for the bulk fermentation. All this means is that the dough will have it’s first rise. This time of fermentation is when the starter does it’s work. The process of bulk fermentation creates those beautiful bubbles in the dough we all long for in our artisan loaves.
This is the hands off period of making sourdough bread. Set it and forget it!
Allow it to bulk ferment for 4-8 hours.
After this, you will need to shape the dough. For this, you will need to add a light dusting of flour to your workspace. Turn the dough onto the floured surface, taking care to not deflate the dough. We want to keep the bubbles that have formed in the dough.
You want to pull all the corners of the dough into itself and turn the dough over. Pull the dough ball towards you as it drags on the table to build tension and close the seam.
Prepare your banneton basket. I like to place a flour sack towel in the banneton basket and flour generously. Flour the top of the dough ball and place it in the banneton basket top side down. You want the seam side up.
Cover and allow to rise for the second time. This will take between 1-2 hours.
However, I suggest placing it in the fridge after it’s in the banneton basket. It will continue to ferment but at a much slower rate.
Having this long cold fermentation makes the loaf a very versatile loaf to make. It also makes it much easier to score before you bake it.
When you are ready to bake, heat a dutch oven in the oven to 450 degrees F. Turn the dough out of the banneton basket onto a piece of parchment paper. Take a very sharp knife or razor blade to slash the top of the loaf. This is important because it allows for controlled expansion during the baking process. If you don’t slash the loaf before baking, it will blow out somewhere and won’t look as nice. But, it will still be delicious!
Take the lid off the dutch oven, carefully, and lower the dough using the parchment paper into it. Replace the lid. Place back in the oven and bake for 20 minutes. Remove the lid and continue to bake for 15-20 minutes or until deeply golden brown.
Place the loaf on a cooling rack and allow to cool completely before slicing.
This bread is crusty on the outside and chewy on the inside. It’s the quintessential sourdough loaf of bread.
You will surely impress your family if you make this loaf for them!
Let me know if you give this a try!
See you soon!
Basic Sourdough Artisan Boule
- 1 kitchen scale
- 1 Large mixing bowl
- 350 grams unbleached all purpose flour
- 150 grams whole wheat flour
- 325 grams filtered water
- 5 grams salt
- 100 grams active/fed sourdough starter
- In a large mixing bowl, add the flour and water. Mix well, cover, and let sit for 30 minutes.
- Add the starter and salt. Mix well until fully incorporated. Cover, let sit for 15 minutes.
- Perform a series of stretching and folding every 15 minutes the first hour and every 30 minutes the second hour.
- After the stretching and folding series are all complete, cover and allow to bulk ferment for 4-8 hours.
- Shape the dough on a lightly floured surface. Do this by pulling the corners of the dough into itself. Turn the dough over and drag across the workstation to build tension and seal the seam.
- Prepare a banneton basket. I place a tea towel in the basket and generously flour it.
- Place the dough, top side down, into the basket. Allow to rise for 1-2 hours, or, place in the fridge and bake the next day.
- Preheat a dutch oven to 450 degrees F.
- Turn the dough onto a piece of parchment paper. Slash the top with a very sharp knife or razor.
- Carefully remove the dutch oven from the oven, remove the lid, and place the dough on the parchment paper into the dutch oven.
- Replace the lid and place in the oven for 20 minutes with the lid on.
- Remove the lid and continue to bake for 15-20 minutes or until deeply golden brown.
- Carefully remove the loaf and place on a cooling rack.
- Allow to cool completely before slicing.